The High Complexity Hospital "President Juan Domingo Perón", joins the Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) Detection Campaign, aiming to benefit patients and improve their quality of life.
The consultations will be held from 8 to 10 October and addressed to all patients under the age of 16. They must previously request an appointment by telephone to the following numbers 4436441/442 and the admission staff of the institutions will manage.
The campaign seeks to reinforce the dissemination and knowledge of the disease in the general population, with the aim of achieving early detection of patients or potential cases at an early stage.
In this way, an opportune, adapted and directed treatment for the form and status of the disease can be directed, determining a positive impact on the functional and emotional capacity of patients who need to resume their daily activities such as go to school, play, ride a bicycle, play sports and other activities in a normal way.
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a chronic disease characterized by persistent inflammation of the joints, which become stiff, swollen, painful and warm. This limits movements of the child and impairs his or her functional capacity, that is, his ability to perform everyday tasks and routines as turn a faucet, bathing or go to school.
Each individual may have a predisposition to the disease, and emotional triggers such as stress, infection or trauma, the immune system is disrupted leading to the onset of the condition.
There are several different types of JIA and each has its particular characteristics and degrees of severity. They can be distinguished according to the number of joints affected: oligoarthritis (affects fewer than 5 joints), polyarthritis (affect 5 or more joints) with positive and negative Rheumatoid Factor (FR). There are other forms such as enthesitis-related arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and systemic arthritis, which, unlike the other forms of arthritis, high-grade fever, rash, pericardial involvement and pleura are present. Although, they are less frequent than the others and the most severe form (it’s estimated that it affects between 10% and 20% of patients with JIA).
It is imperative to know that arthritis in children not only produces inflammation of the joints, but also inflammation in a part of the eye called uveitis, which consists of the inflammation of the anterior chamber of the eye. At the beginning, this does not produce symptoms (red eye or blurred vision) detectable only with a special instrument called a slit-lamp, so patients should be advised to have ophthalmologic follow-up examinations. The most common form of JIA is the oligoarticular extended form which is generally accompanied by a positive Antinuclear Antibodies (ANA) test.
It is recalled that there is no cure for JIA, the purpose of a treatment for all types of arthritis is to relieve pain, reduce inflammation, prevent damage to bones and joints, minimize deformities and improve mobility while preserving growth and development.
In order to achieve this, an adequate rehabilitation plan (kinesiology), emotional support (psychological therapy) is required for children and their families. Also, a well-controlled pharmacological treatment according to the type of JIA and the patient’s commitment.
It is important to know the symptoms and explain all doubts to the rheumatologist in order to establish the diagnosis as soon as possible, identify possible complications and start the most appropriate therapeutic strategy for each patient.
It’s all aimed at achieving better control of the disease and a favorable evolution of it.